Mildred McAdory was an African-American woman, Communist Party leader, domestic worker and Southern Negro Youth Congress leader. McAdory became one of the first civil rights activists to use an approach that would be adopted by the broader civil rights movement by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white person in Birmingham, Alabama in the 1940s. Rosa Parks later credited Communist Party leaders like McAdory for helping to develop strategies that defeated Jim Crow discriminatory laws.

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